Variability in prevalence and therapeutic effectiveness in PPR affected goats of Thakurgoan, Bangladesh


Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, febrile, highly contagious and infectious disease of goats along with high morbidity and mortality. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and variability in clinical presentation and response to treatment in terms of breed, age, sex and vaccination status in PPR affected Black Bengal and Jamuna Pari goats at the Upazila Veterinary Hospital, Thakurgaon during February and March 2014. A total of 132 goats were examined in the hospital during the course of the study period, of which 52 of different breeds (Black Bengal and Jamuna Pari) were affected with PPR. Detail history, physical examination and clinical examination were assessed for the diagnosis of disease. The results revealed that Black Bengal breed was more susceptible (45%) to PPR than Jamuna Pari (30%) but it was not statistically significant. Young animals usually 4 to 12 months of age were more prone (52%) to PPR than adult animals (31%) and kids (22%), (P=0.02). Female goats were proportionately more susceptible (40%) to PPR than male goats (38%). Non-vaccinated goats were more susceptible (48%) to PPR than vaccinated goats (21%), (P=0.005). Response to treatment with parenteral (I/M) use of Oxytetracycline was comparatively higher (57%) than that achieved with the parenteral use of sulphadimidine (42%). The study additionally pointed out the particular condition regarding PPR, which is currently becoming endemic throughout the Bangladesh which may be reduced substantially by proper vaccination and other management approaches.

Key words: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), Goats, Prevalence, Thakurgaon.