Guidelines for Authors - avas
Submission of an article implies that it has never been published in any other journals and if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere. All papers are first reviewed by the editorial board. Papers found lacking will not be considered. Others will be sent for a detailed peer-review process.  


Circumstances relating to animal experimentation must meet the International Guiding Principles Involving Animals as issued by the Council for the International Organizations of Medical Sciences. They are obtainable from: Executive Secretary C.I.O.M.S., c/o WHO, Via Appia, CH- 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland, or at the following URL: http://www.cioms.ch/publications/guidelines/1985_texts_of_guidelines.htm Unnecessary cruelty in animal experimentation is not acceptable to our Editors. Any new nucleotide or amino acid sequence data will be deposited in publicly accessible databases, such as GenBank, and the accession numbers will be included in the manuscript (Methods section) before it is finally accepted for publication. In addition, it is expected that any plasmids, transposons, viruses, microbial strains, or cell lines described for the first time in the paper will be made available to scientists for non-commercial purposes at reasonable cost following publication.

Journal Manuscript Format

The manuscript should be typed in “Times New Roman” font with font size 12 and 1.5line spacing. The page size should be strictly A4. All images should be in JPEG format. The article is to be submitted should accompany a covering letter with name and complete address (including Telephone Number and e-mail ID) of the author/s. The completed article should be sent through online submission menu named “Submit Manuscript”. And, it is strongly prohibited to submit any manuscript with an attachment via email.


The title should briefly identify the subject and indicate the purpose of the document. The title should supply enough information for the reader to make a reliable decision on probable interest. Do not use all caps; instead use caps only at the first word of the title and/or at scientific names, abbreviations etc., Center the authors’ initials and last names directly below the title. Title should be devoid of common words like “Effects of”, “Study of” etc.

Authors name(s)

Write full name of each authors using Surname first, then given names. Example: Natalia, Ramon Sauzauri; Pinto, Jose Mannuel; Casillus, Iker Garcia


The abstract should include a hypothesis or rationale for the work, a brief description of the methods, a summary of the results, and a conclusion: The abstract should be less than 250 words. Do not include literature citations or references to tables, figures or equations.


A short list of keywords or phrases should be included immediately after the abstract as index words. Choose keywords that reflect the content of your article. Note that words in the title are not searchable as keywords unless they are also included in the keyword list.

Body of the Article

The introductory section of the text should include a brief statement of why the research was conducted. It should also define the problem and present objectives along with a plan of development of the subject matter. The introductory section also usually includes a brief survey of the relevant literature on the topic.

Materials and Methods

Provide sufficient detail so that the work may be repeated. Do not give details of methods described in readily available sources. Instead, refer to the source and describe any modification. Figures that illustrate test apparatus and tables of treatment parameters or equipment specifications are appropriate here.

Results and Discussion (or separate format)

This section describes the solution to the problem stated in the introductory section. Use figures and tables to visually supplement the presentation of your results. The text must refer explicitly to all visuals, and you must interpret the visual elements to emphasize the evidence on which your conclusions are based. Do not omit important negative results. In addition, relate your findings to previous findings by identifying how and why there are differences and where there is agreement. Speculation is encouraged, but it must be identified.


This is a summary of your results. In this section, state any conclusions that can be drawn from your data within maximum 4 (four) lines. You may also include suggestions for future research. The conclusion may be a subsection of the Results and Discussion section, or it may be a separate section. Data or statements cited in your conclusion must have been stated previously in the article. Do not introduce new information in the conclusion.


Acknowledgements are Mandatory. Use them to thank individuals or organizations that provided assistance in materials, expertise, or financing. The acknowledgements will appear at the end of the text and should be limited to one or two sentences.


All sources cited in the text must be listed in the References, and all documents listed in the References must be cited in the text. Accuracy of citation is the author’s responsibility.

Reference Style

References should be cited in the text in the form as Gebreab (1995), (Gebreab, 1995); Hwa and Fen (2002); (Hwa and Fen, 2002); Drolet et al. (2003); (Drolet et al., 2003); (Drolet et al., 2003; Taylor et al., 2007) and listed in alphabetical order at the end of the article as follows: Journal Articles Ahmed AM (2009). Molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella isolated from animals in Japan. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 106: 402-409. Ahmed AM, Shimamoto T (2014). Isolation and molecular characterization of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Shigella spp. from meat and dairy products in Egypt. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 168: 57-62. Whyte P, MeGill K, Collins JD, Gormley E (2002). The prevalence and PCR detection of Salmonella contamination in raw poultry. Veterinary Microbiology, 89(1): 53-60. NB: The Journal name must be as exact, abbreviated names not accepted. Example: “Veterinary Microbiology” , not accepted as “Vet Micro” E-Journal Articles Bharti VK, Srivastava RS (2009). Protective role of buffalo pineal proteins on arsenic-induced oxidative stress in blood and kidney of rats. Health 1: 167-172. http://www.scirp.org/fileOperation/downLoad.aspx?path=Health20090100017_97188589.pdf&t ype=journal Books: Verdu S (1998). Multi-user detection. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Edited Book: Taylor MA, Coop LR, Wall LR (2007). Veterinary Parasitology 3rd ed. USA: Black Well publisher. pp. 121-123. Gracey JF, Collins DS (1992). Meat Hygiene. 9th ed. London: Balliere Tindal. 24-28 Oval Road, London NW17DX. Conference Proceedings Clare L, Pottie G, Agre J (1999). Self-organizing distributed sensor networks. Proceedings SPIE Conference Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications, Orlando, 3713, 229-237. Thesis Heinzelman W (2000). Application-specific protocol architectures for wireless networks. Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. Internet Honeycutt L (1998). Communication and design course. http://dcr.rpi.edu/commdesign/class1.html


Authors should take notice of the limitations set by the size and lay-out of the journal. Large tables should be avoided. Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions of a table.
If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables.
Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
Each table should occupy in the text but not more than 5 (five) in numbers.
Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.
Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.
Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table.


  1. Illustrations should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. References should be made in the text to each illustration.
  2. Illustrations should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. Illustrations should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.
  3. Lettering should be big enough to allow a reduction of 50% without becoming illegible; any lettering should be in English. Use the same kind of lettering throughout and follow the style of the journal.
  4. If a scale given, use bar scales on all illustrations instead of numerical scales that must be changed with reduction.
  5. Each illustration should have a caption. The captions to all illustrations should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.
  6. Explanations should be given in the figure legend(s). Drawn text in the illustrations should keep to a minimum.
  7. Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.
  8. If you submit usable color figures, “Annals of Veterinary and Animal Sciences” would ensure that these figures appeared free-of-charge in color in the electronic version of your accepted paper, regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. Color illustrations can only be included in print if the additional cost of reproduction is contributed by the author: you would receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please note that because of technical complications which may arise by converting color figures to ‘grey scale’ (for the printed version, should you not opt for color in print), you should submit in addition usable black and white figures corresponding to all color illustrations.

Manuscript Charges

“Annals of Veterinary and Animal Sciences” is an open access International Journal. Open access journals provide immediate and free access to all published full-text articles to interested readers from around the world. It also gives the ability to view, save, print, copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt any published article without fee-based subscriptions. The availability of the author’s paper in open access makes the scientific community to understand and develop an impact in the concerned research field. It also increases the chance of more citations of the published work, which in turn can be translated into more recognition of research. The open access journals also accelerate research and knowledge building worldwide. Upon acceptance the manuscript charge $200 And for payment contact with eman.avas@naturepub.org and lauriam.avas@naturepub.org


Authors who publish in “Annals of Veterinary and Animal Sciences” retain the copyright of their work which allows the unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of an article in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.

Please read the Guidelines for Authors before submitting your manuscript. The manuscript files should be given the name of the first author.